Cryptography is a security-based technology that involves the encryption and decryption of the data that is transmitted through a network. As well as it also hashes the messages in random features. It is otherwise known as a statistical or mathematical concept and adds its predominant role in the day to day life. “The objective of this article is to offer the fascinating concepts that are to be presented to frame the best cryptography related projects”
Generally, cryptography ensures sensitive data security even though if it is in the hands of unauthorized persons. In fact, the message is intended for a specific person but attackers in the digital network are trying their best to steal the confidential data in order to wash out the concern of the intended individuals. Now lets we begin this article with an overview of cryptography.
What is Cryptography?
Cryptography is a security-based technique that ensures data transmission integrity. It eliminates and tackles the interruption subject to the sensitive data packets. It builds strong methods & protocols to prevent confidential data from adversaries. It modifies the plain texts into ciphertexts that have random sequences. It makes use of steganography techniques to conceal the data. They substitute codes into words and ciphers into letters. They break the codes and ciphers to prevent the cryptanalysis attacks
This is a crisp overview of cryptography. Generally, cryptography is the inclusion of plain texts and ciphertexts. Plain texts are the normal texts (a b c d) and the ciphertexts are the conversion of the normalized texts in the form of some random sequences (rJzXy234). This is mainly done to prevent cyber-attacks and cryptanalysis attacks. In the following passage, let us discuss the background of cryptography for your better understanding before starting to implement cryptography related projects.
Background of Cryptography
- Integrity or Reliability
- Ensures the data originality & transmits the data as it is from source points
- It also ensures the data is not altered/modified until reaches the destination
- User Authentication
- Authorizes the legitimate devices or users of the network
- Data Confidentiality
- Warehouses the secrecy of the data in other sequential forms
These are key traits that are ensured by the cryptographic techniques utilizing data transmission. As a matter of fact, we can make use of these features by combining them altogether or we can use them individually according to our requirements. In fact, these features are essential to every data transmission without these features, the data can be modified by cyber crooks.
Actually, data are in the stack of unreliability since there are various loopholes are identified by the attackers hence it is very easy for them to get access to the sensitive data. Therefore using cryptographic techniques will ensure data confidentiality. Yes, my dear students, we are going to let you know the major techniques that are presented in the cryptography concepts for the ease of your understanding.
What is Cryptography Techniques?
- Symmetric Cryptography Techniques
- Asymmetric Cryptography Techniques
The aforementioned are the two major techniques used to conceal the secrecy of the data and to guarantee the integrity of the same data which is subject to the unauthorized individual’s interruptions. In other words, they prevent the risks, threats intricate. Usually, the asymmetric key does require only one key for both encryption and decryption functions whereas asymmetric keys need 2 keys separately for encryption and decryption.
In the following passage, we’ve mentioned the comparison between symmetric encryption & asymmetric encryption to make your understanding crystal clear. Can we have the section of differentiation between the 2 encryption techniques? Come on let us brainstorm together to implement best cryptography related projects.
Symmetric Encryption vs. Asymmetric Encryption
- Symmetric Encryption
- Usage: Big data transmission
- Algorithms: RC4, AES, 3DES & DES
- Capacity: Fast encryption & highly vulnerable
- Cryptographic Keys: Single key for both encryption & decryption
- Asymmetric Encryption
- Usage: Secret key exchange
- Algorithms: RSA & Diffie Hellman
- Capacity: Slow encryption & extreme computations
- Cryptographic Keys: Separate key for encryption & decryption
List of Algorithms used in Cryptography Related Projects
- Symmetric (Private) Key Algorithms
- International Data Encryption Algorithm
- Tiny Encryption Algorithm
- Rivest Cipher 6
- CAST 128
- Data Encryption Standard
- Asymmetric (Public & Private) Key Algorithms
- Secure Shell
- Rivest Shamir Adleman
- Secure Socket Layer
- Diffie Hellman
The aforementioned are some of the major algorithms used to generate effective cryptographic keys in the reality. On the other hand, by combining these algorithms we could achieve enriched supremacy in the integrity of the encryption keys. Further, our experts of the concern wanted to let you know about the other cryptographic algorithms which are predominantly used to assure the resilient security of the key generation. Let’s look into the next passage, my dear students/scholars.
- Arnold’s Cat Map
- Description: Identifies the current location by former ones instead of sorting
- Types: Discrete chaos
- Lorenz System
- Description: Terminates predictability rate of short terms & numerical parts
- Types: Continuous chaos
- Indices Vectors
- Description: Orders 1st (n) values as row indices & rest (n) as column indices
- Types: Discrete chaos
- Logistic Maps
- Description: Orders the numerical values (n) in a hierarchical manner (1, 2, 3…)
- Types: Discrete chaos
The listed above are the diverse cryptography algorithms so far used for data anonymity. Our researchers in the institute are well versed in the concepts of cryptography and do prefer unique methodologies & techniques to each and every causing problems. As a matter of fact, we do have an updated skillful technical team to perform the emerging technologies researches.
In addition, they are the top world-class engineers who are having the capacity to inject innovations in the determined areas of technology. As this article is titled with the cryptography-related projects here we are going to light up the next section with the latest ideas in cryptography for the ease of your understanding.
What are the Latest Ideas in Cryptography Related Projects?
- Data Privacy & Security
- Identity Recognition & Authentication
- Privacy Controls & Anonymity
- Prevention Schemes in Side-Channel Attacks
- Post Quantum Cryptography Systems
- Cryptographic Applications
- Multiparty Security Computation
- Cryptographic Methods & Protocols
- Search based Encryption
- Key Inter-exchange & Agreement
- Digital Signatures
- Public Key Cryptography
- Incontestable Security Systems
- Message Authentication Code & Hash Functions
- Authentic Encryption Methods
The foregoing passage has conveyed to you some of the possible research ideas of cryptography related projects. Besides, we hope that you would have understood the concepts as of now listed. Then what are you waiting for now? Let’s handpick one of the above-listed ideas and start your cryptography-related projects as soon as possible.
If you need more advanced ideas in these areas you are advised to have our opinions. In addition to this section, our technical team would also like to enumerate the latest research areas in cryptography for the ease of your understanding. Shall we move on to the next section? Come on guys let us also learn them together!!!
Latest Research Areas in Cryptography
- Smart Mobile Structures
- Edge Computing
- Information-Centric Networks
- VANET Networks
- Cloud Architectures
- Certification Practice Statement & Internet of Things
The said are some of the major research areas concreted with the cryptography security techniques. On the other hand, cryptography techniques are being compromised by cyber crooks who are adversaries. Hence it is important to make the cryptographic systems stronger for carfting best PhD research topics.
Thus, blockchain is one of the emerging technologies which are tied with cryptography techniques. Actually, you people guessed right we are going to illustrate about how the blockchain concepts that are supporting to cryptography in the upcoming sections for your better understanding.
Cryptography in Blockchain
- ‘Symmetric’ & ‘Asymmetric’ encryption techniques are ensuring the security of the cryptocurrency transactions
- ‘Secret key’ encryption methods recognize the identity of the currency holders
- ‘Hashing’ & ‘Blockchain’ function combinations makes resilient secured transactions
The aforesaid passage conveys to you a basic understanding of how the blockchain methods secure cryptocurrency transactions. In fact, offering the best confidentiality & user authentication to the currencies involved in the blockchain concepts is the main objective of the cryptography techniques.
If you are still confused about the concepts you can have interactions with our technical team at any time. At this time, we felt that it would be helpful to beginners by showcasing the algorithms that are practiced in the blockchain concepts. Let us try to understand them to make the perceptions rich.
Cryptography Algorithms for Blockchain
- Hashing Functions
- Secure Hash Algorithm
- Message Digest
- Digital Signatures
- PKC Algorithms
- Elliptic Curve Crypto
- Rivest Shamir Adleman
- Diffie Hellman
- SKC Algorithms
- Block Ciphers
- Advanced Encryption Standard
- Stream Ciphers
- Rivest Cipher 4
- Block Ciphers
Here, PKC stands for Public Key Cryptography & SKC stands for Secret Key Cryptography. So far, we have come up with concepts that are very essential to the cryptography security-related aspects. In addition to the above-listed algorithms, our technicians in the institute wanted to illustrate one of the algorithms for your valid considerations in implementing cryptography related projects. Yes, we are actually going to let you know the hash functions in blockchain with crystal clear hints.
Cryptographic Hash Functions in Blockchain
- Hash functions offer the single viewpoint of blockchain to the presented parties
- They make use of the algorithms named RIPEMD-160 & SHA-256
Here, you may have doubts regarding what is the need for using the hash functions in the blockchain techniques. In fact, we are going to list out to you the key aspects that are delivered by the hash functions while they are applied in the blockchain methodologies.
- Constant Outputs
- Same inputs of the hash function will have the same outputs
- Impossible Reverse Engineering
- Outputs cannot retrieve the actual inputs
- Processing Rapidity
- Generates speed data outputs
- Output Individuality
- Every input has individual outputs
- Data Variation Impact/Avalanche Effect
- Slide changes that occurred in the data may result in output
This is how the hash functions perform in blockchain transactions. In the blockchain, sensitive data are kept inside the blocks and the hashing functions do assimilation of every presented block. If a change occurs in the blocks that will make the blockchain unreliable and invalid too. The data variation impact is otherwise known as the avalanche effect and it is attaining the consistency of the blocks. Avalanche features highly secure the data concealed in the blocks. The variations in the block data will also impact hash values.
Actually, hash functioning features are unique. In addition, they are also offering unimaginable statistical or mathematical benefits to the engaged properties of the blockchain. In the ensuing passage, we have mentioned to you the varied welfares of the hashing features for making your understanding better. Come let us grab the contents!!!!
Benefits of Hashing Features
- Authenticating transactions by devoid knowledge of the blocks
- Enhanced cryptography riddles for the block transactions
- Minimized block transaction bandwidth
- Security towards transaction alterations
- User access controls by identity management
The above listed are the benefits of having hash function features in the blockchain concepts. Double SHA-256 is the inbuilt hashing algorithm so far used in blockchain security techniques. There are so many substitutes are being used by world-class engineers to ensure the secrecy of the data transmitted. Blockchain is widely in the banking sector to assure the transaction’s history. In this regard, let’s have the section about the modern cryptographic hash functions in the blockchain.
Modern Cryptographic Hash Functions in Blockchain
- Chaotic Map
- Improved MD-5
- N Hash
- Keccak 256
- Blake 2 & Blake 3
- SHA 3
The listed above are the diverse modern cryptographic hash functions utilized in the blockchain. On the other hand, cryptography also ensures greater supremacy in concealing data privacy utilizing offering security policies. In the subsequent passage, we have completely mentioned to you the attacks that are mitigated in the blockchain using cryptography for the ease of your understanding.
What are the Attacks Mitigated in Blockchain using Cryptography?
- Key Attack
- Cryptography Attack
- Hashing Attack
- Identity Attack
- Replay Attack
- Impersonation Attack
- Sybil Attack
- Manipulation Attack
- Time Jacking Attack
- Eclipse Curve Attack
- Transaction Attack
- Service Attack
- DDoS Attack
- Vector 76 Attack
- Finney Attack
- Race Attack
- Collusion Attack
- Application Attack
- Exchange Attack
- Design Flow
- Coding Flow
- Other Attack
- Malware Attack
- Reputation Attack
- Quantum Attack
Listed are some of the attacks being tackled by the cryptography techniques in the blockchain. In fact, we blindly hope that you would have understood the concepts and delighted this article a lot. If you are facing any hindrances in conducting cryptography related projects you can surely reach our technicians at any time and we are always giving our support throughout the project completion.
“Let’s kindle your ideas and different perceptions into the technology”