MANET or Mobile Ad-hoc Wireless Network is a decentralized system consisting of multiple nodes that form a multi-hop network by establishing communication among each other. MANET simulation projects are being taken up for research activity by students and research scholars around the world. In Manet S
- Centralized authority is not present in MANET where the communication among nodes is wireless.
- Mobility at times makes the node go beyond the range
If you are searching for well-experienced research support in MANET. If you have been one among them then in order to aid your search we have come up with a complete overview on MANET simulation and researching it. Let’s first date with the important characteristics of MANET.
WHAT ARE THE MAJOR CHARACTERISTICS OF MANET?
MANET is being used on a large scale especially owing to its features of it. There are certain characteristics of MANET that require further improvement. In order to get an idea of what to improve and what not we should have a better insight into its following characteristics.
- No centralized control
- Less association (over different nodes)
- Changing topology of the network (dynamic)
- Enhanced host mobility
- Broadcasting Radio channel (shared)
- Limited resources
- The environment of operation which is less secure
- Physical vulnerability
We are in the field of providing research support and project guidance for students and scholars doing mobile ad hoc network project research. We have been doing this for more than 20 years.
So the knowledge gained by us is really huge which can be of immense support to your research. We assist with the very primary step of choosing a topic to the most important step of choosing the best simulation tool for your project. Now we will provide you with some of the research ideas in mobile ad hoc networks.
RESEARCH IDEAS in MANET
The mobile ad hoc networks are essential in cases where we do not come forward to employ the complex infrastructure necessary for the functioning of mobile nodes. In this regard, many areas of research in this field can be beneficial to the users. The following are the prominent areas of research in MANET Simulation.
- Classification of data
- Compression of data
- Selecting optimal route
- Forming clusters
- Security aspects
- Aggregating data
- Selecting optimal relay
- Selection of cluster head
There are also many other areas of research that are specific to mobile ad hoc networks. Researchers from around the world are working to improve upon the existing systems and also to create novel methods for enhancing the efficiency of the system as a whole.
There are specific processes in MANET systems that you should be familiar with before choosing to do projects in it. So now we will give you a brief account of the working of one of such important processes called routing techniques below.
HOW DOES ROUTING WORK?
It is the function of the routing algorithm that selects the best for the optimal route. For such a selection the algorithm follows two main methodologies. Let us look into them in detail below.
- Route Discovery
- Route Request identifies the number of routes available to reach the destination
- On getting this information the route request is transferred to the source
- Now the source is aware of the route available to reach the destination
- Route Selection
- Now the source has to select the best route for reaching the destination
- The selection of route is based on certain characteristics
- The data packet of any form (DSR, AODV, etc.) is then sent through this route to the destination
The routing can be either single path routing or multipath routing. But whatever be the case the above two are the major or key functions based on which routing works.
The selection of route which is the second step involved is primarily based on some routing metrics which are developed based on the quality of service components. Let us now look into detail about the routing metrics.
QOS ROUTING METRICS
There are metrics available to address the performance evaluation of the system under specific processes. For the routing methods here we provide you with some of the important metrics based on the quality of service parameters.
- Hop count (and load)
- Path length
The routing algorithm for the best route selection is primarily based on the fact that whether the system is distributed or centralized. There are also other factors that influence the choice of routing algorithm for your project.
Contact our technical team to understand how various parameters influence the routing algorithm that you wish to use in your MANET projects. Now we will provide you with the common protocols for MANET routing.
COMMON MANET ROUTING PROTOCOLS
The following are the most commonly used routing protocols for MANET projects. Our technical team has got huge experience in guiding projects using these protocols.
- Path vector routing protocol
- Link state routing protocol
- Open shortest path first
- Protocol for routing information
- Protocol relating distance vector routing
- Optimized link-state routing protocol
- A* and Dijkstra’s algorithm
Many algorithms are highly optimized. Deep learning algorithms and heuristics find better results these days. So we are updating ourselves regularly based on the new techniques and inventions that are carried out every day.
So connect with our experts before choosing the suitable routing protocol for your project. Our experts have come up with optimized network routing protocols and algorithms based on certain novel approaches. Some of the most important protocols for routing designed and developed by researchers across the world are given below.
NEW NETWORK ROUTING ALGORITHMS
The novel method for designing network routing algorithms and protocols is primarily based on advanced technologies these days including deep learning. Let us now look into the list of such new protocols designed especially for routing.
OPTIMAL ROUTING PROTOCOLS
The following are the optimal routing protocols that you can use for your MANET projects.
- Ant lion optimization
- Crow search optimization
- Spotted hyena algorithm
- Killer whale optimization
- Emperor penguin optimization
- Black window optimization
- Hybrid algorithms like ACO-SS and GA-PSO
Our technical team is here to give you all information regarding the usage and efficiency of these protocols. Now let us look into some algorithms for routing based on deep learning
DEEP LEARNING-BASED ROUTING PROTOCOLS
The following are the routing protocols for MANET Simulation designed based on deep learning methods.
- Deep fuzzy intelligence
- Deep reinforcement learning
- SliceNet And LiteNet
- Convolutional neural network
- DNN for routing (multipath)
- Gated recurrent neural network
We will give you extra tips regarding the perfect execution of these protocols. Our PhD assistance in the matters of implementation of systems using the above protocols has benefited a lot of students and researchers.
So we insist you talk with our experts regarding the advantages of these protocols and get to choose the best one for you. We support you on many bases for simulation too. We will now provide you with a detailed outlook on how we support simulation.
HOW DO WE SUPPORT FOR MANET SIMULATION?
- We help you in getting the proper standards for your network
- Assist you in collecting information regarding clustering and routing during simulation
- We will create the real-time testbed for your project simulation
- Large scale supportive network system is provided
- Our experts will guide you in collecting real-time data
- Case study-oriented information and application details about the network are given
We have measured various parameters in real-time by using the variety of simulation tools available and the tool that we designed specifically for this purpose. Simulation is the major part of any project which allows us to test if our project can be deployed on a large scale. Testing the projects in real-time can is a huge burden both in cost as well as in technology. Hence an environment that is created virtually by these simulation algorithms can be a better platform to test our projects.
There are multiple simulation tools and techniques available for the simulation of mobile ad hoc network projects. Before looking into detail about the simulation tools available let us first understand its simulation better.
HOW DOES MANET SIMULATION WORK?
Simulation is the method by which you can understand the performance of your project. Simulation not only does this work alone but also does the following.
- New projects algorithms for protocols are tested in a virtual environment designed using the simulation tools.
- This setup gives information regarding the speed of operation hardware and software efficiency prediction of results and much other information
- By the process of simulation, the project will be designed can also be testa to work under various conditions by making changes to the following factors
- Virtual traffic
- Security features
- Increasing virtual attacks
- In this way, the efficiency of our system can be easily examined even without needing to implement it in real-time
- The following parameters can be measured by simulation
- Packet delivery ratio
- Number of users that can be supported
These parameters can be perfectly evaluated by simulation tools. We have employed many simulation tools for mobile ad hoc network projects. The results that we recorded also had many implications on various heads.
As we used different types of tools for simulation, we are capable of providing you guidance regarding the simulator that you wish to use. Now let us see in detail the best tools for MANET simulation.
WHAT ARE THE BEST TOOLS FOR MANET SIMULATION?
There are a lot of simulation tools available today. Out of these tools you can choose the one which is best for you by understanding the merits of all the tools and having a comparative study on these. So to make your work easy here we have come up with the list of best simulation tools for MANET Projects. The description that we provide below can be of great use to you.
- NS – 2
- It is an open-source and discrete simulator used mainly in academics
- Both wired and wireless system simulation can be performed under proper environments
- Using the energy model present in NS – 2 we can artificially create traffic which is the best way to evaluate the performance of your project
- Both for academic studies and research OMNET++ is used
- It is a C++ supported simulation tool
- Variety of libraries for supporting large networks are present in it
- Queues and containers are also provided by OMNET++
- Modelling of traffic along with analysis of the result is aided by this simulator
- It is a discrete simulation tool
- OSI model approach is used (wired and wireless)
- PERSEC language is used for its development
- Economical simulation tool
- Suitable for simulating routing protocols in MANET
- NS – 3
- Open source simulation tool
- It has new features than NS 2
- It has to be developed even more
- Advanced simulator which is specific to events
- Testing can happen in exactly real scenarios
- JIST stands for Java in Simulation Time
- Discrete simulator based on JAVA
- JIST is used to design other simulation platforms like SWANS
- Helps in the simulation of complex networks
- It can support a total virtual network supporting Dynagen and Dynamips
- Pix firewalls and Cisco routing platforms are also simulated using GNS3
- Packet delivery ratio and another related parameter can be easily examined using NetSim
- IEEE 802.15.4 are the sensors that support 250 Kbps (2.4 GHz bandwidth)
- Complex modeling
- Helps in the broadcasting of messages to every node
- Data of the messages is reduced
- Forwarding is done by relay nodes (MPR or Multi-Point Relay protocol)
- Root to leaf manner is used for node selection
You can use the above details to sort out the best simulation tool for your project. Our technical team is highly skilled in using these tools. So you can approach us regarding any sort of guidance concerning these simulators. We will now provide you with a deep insight into using NS2 as a MANET Projects. For instance, why NS2 is emerging in MANET?
- All types of routing and network protocols are supported by NS2
- Topology is designed for all type of networks (large)
- Ns2 can be used in networks that are both wireless and wired
- All types of environments whether parallel or distributed is supported
- It is the best source to design protocols
- It is useful in analyzing the traffic accurately
The massive rise in choosing NS2 for simulation of MANET projects is primarily attributable to the reasons mentioned above. We have also used NS2 for many of the projects that we designed.
So our experts have got the experience and knowledge to give you enough support to handle simulation tools, especially in the NS2. Talk to our experts to get more ideas on the working of simulation tools. We provide you with the basic steps involved in implementing manet projects
FOUR STEPS FOR MANET SIMULATION
We saw a lot of details about the simulation tools used for simulating mobile ad-hoc wireless network projects. It now becomes important for us to understand the basic steps followed by these simulators for simulating MANET projects. Here are four common steps that are used for MANET simulation.
- Initialising the network
- Assumptions of the network to be analyzed on made here (tree, bus, or star topology)
- Configuration of the network
- Genders of the network like traffic, area, and nodes are configured
- Parameters for simulation for the configured entities are set
- Executing and simulating (running)
- Events like routing are created and simulated
- Simulation clock and log of events are maintained
- Analysis of performance and visualizing
- The performance metrics used to analyze the network are specified
- Performances measured accordingly
- Simulator results are visualized (using NAM)
So irrespective of the tool used these are the four steps that are followed for the simulation of MANET systems. Technically these are simpler steps. The basis on which the system works is explained from basics to advanced levels by our experts.
You can contact our team of engineers to have a complete understanding of the steps followed in all the Simulation tools. We will support you to choose the apt Simulator for your project. To stick to our words we are providing you a comparison of MANET simulators below.
COMPARISON OF MANET SIMULATORS
The best simulator for your MANET project can be obtained by analysing the characteristic features of these simulation tools and techniques. To give you a full picture of the simulators we have come up with a comparison of them in a detailed manner below.
- It is capable of simulating MANET
- It can easily define the strategies that are used to access each device’s motion vector
- 5G air Simulator
- The advantage of the 5G air simulator is that simulation can be performed by users without having to learn a specific language.
- Another married is that it is written in a common programming language (general purpose like Java, C++, etc)
- Along with the common advantages like being written in a familiar programming language and not requiring any specific language for performing simulation it has also got a few other advantages
- It is capable of simulating movement aware strategies
- The approach for simulation strategies is based on the agent where the nodes’ autonomous behavior is used to define it
- This is a common simulator tool that is advantages to the users in the academic field because it does not require you to learn a new language for performing simulation with it
- Also, the code is written in a language that is familiar to many (Java, C++, etc.)
- Yet another MANET simulator
- It is also similar to many other simulation tools where the language used is a common one and that it does not demand the compulsory learning of any other Complex language
Until now we have seen enough about the simulation tools and techniques used in the simulation of MANET projects. Quite importantly we have also analysed the tools comparatively and this can benefit anyone like you who is searching for the best tool for their project. Now it is significant that we see a little more about the parameters used for simulation. Let us see about it in detail below.
MANET SIMULATION PARAMETERS
There are certain parameters that are used for analysing the performance of the MANET device using the simulation tools mentioned above. The parameters along with their suitable and prescribed values are given below for your reference.
- Type of network interface (wireless physical)
- Type of interface queue (drop tail primary queue)
- Total number of mobile nodes (3 to 10)
- The maximum area of simulation (400 m X 500 m)
- Type of traffic (TCP)
- Packet size (1040 bytes of data packets – 60 bytes for routing packets and 40 bytes for acknowledgment packets)
- Type of channel (wireless)
- MAC type (IEEE 80211b)
- Model of the antenna (Omni direction)
- Ad hoc routing protocol (AODV, DSR, DSDV)
- Simulation time (150 Ms)
- Nodal speed (3 to 10 m/s)
- Different scenarios (15)
- Radio propagation model (Two Ray ground model)
Analyzing the mobile Ad-hoc wireless network projects using the simulation tools and parameters mentioned above is of great significance since the performance of the system under various circumstances measured in a more scientific way using specific parameters will give you the best-required results regarding your project.
You can connect with us to have some more ideas on the simulation tools and parameters that we used to simulate our projects. We will also provide you with the result of the simulation so that it becomes easy for you to have an analysis of them.
After analyzing the result of the simulation you need to be quite confident about your project which can come only after performance metrics values are found to be suitable enough. So now let’s have some idea on the performance metrics for evaluation of MANET.
PERFORMANCE METRICS FOR MANET SIMULATION EVALUATION
As it is said above the performance metrics play an important role in determining the effectiveness of the project that you designed. It is important that your project shows the best possible outcome in all the following metrics.
- Goodput based on the number of packets
- The ratio between packet sent from the source and the whole packets under transmission in the network for reaching the endpoint (Destination)
- Routing load in respect to the size of the packets given in bytes
- The ratio between total routing packet bytes sent and transmitted
- Routing load based on the packet numbers
- The ratio between routing packets sent and transmitted within the network
- Goodput based on the size of the packet given in bytes
- The ratio between data bytes sent and transmitted
- The received number of bytes at the destination node in a given second (overhead and data packets)
Until now, we have seen all possible ways in which the best simulation tool can be chosen and the list of parameters that are required to be analyzed to get a perfect report on the performance analysis of your project. Our experts are here to provide you with any kind of assistance regarding MANET simulation. Connect with us to avail of our services.